Tea IPM Ecological Guide

Michael R. Zeiss, Koen den Braber
Translated by Tran Thanh Nam


Published by CIDSE, April 2001


This is a trainer's reference guide on crop development, major agronomic practices,  disease and insect management, written for small-holders' tea cultivation in northern Vietnam. The guide will also be of interest to tea producers in other parts of the world who want to apply an ecological approach to crop management. 


CIDSE (Cooperation Internationale pour le Developpment et la Solidarite) is an NGO which has been working in Vietnam for more than 20 years.  The Tea IPM Ecological Guide is based on nearly a decade of field studies and training carried out with small holders. The guide is also available in the Vietnamese language from the CIDSE office in Hanoi. Feedback on the English version should be sent to the Communications Officer, CIDSE, I.P.O. Box 110, Ha Noi, VIETNAM, E-mail: reception@cidse.org.vn, Fax: 84-4-8359928, Phone: 84-4-8359939


Further information about the work of CIDSE in Vietnam is available at this address: http://www.cidse.org/en/clv/index.html


The English version of the document has 292 pages. This has been divided into 18 pdf files which require nearly 7 Mb of disk space.  Click on the links below to download each file.  Given the size of the document and the time it may take to download the complete guide, it is recommended that you start by downloading the detailed Table of Contents (41 kb) .  You will need an Adobe Acrobat Reader to view and print these files. The software is available free of charge from the Adobe website: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html




(1 page, pdf file, 113 kb)

(5 pages, pdf file, 56kb)

Chapter One: The History of Tea Cultivation 
(2 pages, pdf file, 20 kb)

1.1 The tea plant and its origin
1.2 Tea production and consumption in the world
1.3 Tea production in Viet Nam

Chapter Two: The Tea Ecosystem
(7 pages, pdf file, 365 kb)

2.1 Parts of the ecosystem, and their relationships
2.2 The functions of living things in the ecosystem
2.3 Managing the tea ecosystem

Chapter Three: The Living Soil
(20 pages, pdf file, 221 kb)

3.1 What is soil?
3.2 What soil properties are most suitable for tea?
3.3 How to manage your soil

Chapter Four: Growth and Physiology of the Tea Plant
(8 pages, pdf file, 129 kb)

4.1 What is happening inside a growing plant
4.2 Growth stages of the tea plant
4.3 Root growth

Chapter Five: Planting a New Tea Crop
(18 pages, pdf file, 539 kb)

5.1 Planning the work
5.2 Choosing which tea variety to plant
5.3 Choosing a method for producing new tea plants
5.4 How to produce new tea plants from seeds
5.5 How to produce new tea plants from cuttings
5.6 Preparing the new field for tea
5.7 Planting the tea into the new field

Chapter Six: Managing the Tea Crop
(32 pages, pdf file, 1,134 kb)

6.1 Managing the seedling stage
6.2 Managing the branch formation stage
6.3 Managing the commercial stage
6.4 Managing degraded tea

Chapter Seven: Managing Other Plants in the Tea Field
(9 pages, pdf file, 65 kb)

7.1 Growing other plants between the tea rows
7.2 Growing shade trees within the tea rows

Chapter Eight: Ecology of Insect Pests and Natural Enemies
(Part A: 14 pages, pdf file, 264 kb)

(Part B: 35 pages, pdf file, 809 kb)

8.1 Insect anatomy: what is an insect?
8.2 Insect life cycles
8.3 Why learn about insect ecology?
8.4 How can an insect damage a plant?
8.5 A pest or not a pest insect: how to find out!
8.6 Non-chemical methods for managing pest insects
8.7 Natural enemies: The friends of the farmer
8.8 Some important natural enemies in tea

Chapter Nine: Major Insect Pests of Tea in Viet Nam
(Part A: 22 pages, pdf file, 1,035 kb)

(Part B: 16 pages, pdf file, 580 kb)

9.1 How to determine which insect pest is damaging the crop
9.2 Small sucking insects on leaves or buds
9.3 Caterpillars on leaves or buds

9.4 Red borer in branches or stems

9.5 Termites on roots and stems

Chapter Ten: Disease Ecology
(18 pages, pdf file, 212 kb)

10.1 Pathogens and other micro-organisms
10.2 Where do pathogens live before they infect your tea bushes?
10.3 How pathogens move to new plants
10.4 How pathogens get inside a plant
10.5 A disease or not a disease...? How to find out!
10.6 Control or management?
10.7 When can a pathogen attack a plant? The disease triangle
10.8 Disease management: where to start?
10.9 Antagonists: The natural enemies of pathogens
10.10 What about fungicides...?

Chapter Eleven: Major Diseases of Tea in Viet Nam
(Part A: 10 pages, pdf file, 310 kb)

(Part B: 15 pages, pdf file, 510 kb)

11.1 How to determine which disease is damaging the crop
11.2 Leaf diseases
11.3 Bud and branch diseases
11.4 Root diseases
11.5 Nutrient deficiencies and physiological disorders

Chapter Twelve: Pesticides
(17 pages, pdf file, 128 kb)

12.1 How to decide whether you need to apply a pesticide
12.2 Types of pesticides
12.3 How to choose the most suitable synthetic pesticide
12.4 How to include health and environmental impacts in farmer training

Chapter Thirteen: Processing and Marketing of Tea
(22 pages, pdf file, 566 kb)

13.1 Processing by small farmers
13.2 How customers judge tea quality
13.3 Marketing

Chapter Fourteen: Conversion to Organic Tea Production
(5 pages, pdf file, 32 kb)

14.1 What is organic production?
14.2 Main differences between IPM production and organic production
14.3 The period of conversion between conventional and organic production
14.4 Should I convert? Advantages and disadvantages

Index of Key Words and Terms
(12 pages, pdf file, 15 kb)

Table of Contents
(10 pages, pdf file, 41 kb)

latest update for this page: 08 September, 2002