Impact Assessment Series

Empowering Farmers to Reduce Pesticide Risks. An impact assessment report on FAO supported community education for pesticide risk reduction efforts implemented through National IPM Programmes in Cambodia and Vietnam during the 2007-2012 period. [1 pdf file,68 pages, 2.1 Mb]
IPM Farmer Field Schools: A Synthesis of 25 Impact Evaluations.   A review of 25 impact studies of IPM programmes that used FFS approaches in educating farmers. The review calls attention to the complexity of evaluating field school programmes and why there is no agreed conceptual framework for measuring impact. [1 pdf file, 52 pages, 4kb]
Guidance Document No 1: Introduction to the “Double Delta” Approach. The booklet describes to field practitioners the purpose, methodology and procedure of impact assessment of IPM FFS. The document enables staff of national programmes to understand, interpret and explain the results of econometric impact assessment studies, with attention of the “double delta” approach. [1 pdf file, 27 pages, 227 Kb]
Review of the use of Environmental Impact Quotient in IPM programmes in Asia:The document starts with a brief introduction of the concept of EIQ and its applications, and then describes its utilization in the FAO-EU IPM Programme for Cotton in Asia and the national IPM programmes in Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia. The application of EIQ for impact assessment and IPM decision support is discussed and lessons learned are summarised. Outcome of discussions in an International Workshop on EIQ workshop on technical, operational and application issues related to the use of EIQ are also presented in the document. [1 pdf file, 59 pages, 497 Kb] 
Guidance Document No 2: Guidance on the Use of Environmental Impact Quotient in IPM Impact Assessment. This document provides practical guidance for the use of Environmental Impact Quotient in impact assessment of IPM programmes. It is aimed at IPM project staff and contractors involved in designing and conducting impact assessment studies of IPM programmes. [1 pdf file, 24 pages, 463 Kb] 
The Impact of the FAO-EU IPM Programme for Cotton in Asia. A documentation of seven impact assessment studies conducted by independent investigators in countries involved in the FAO-EU Cotton IPM Programme. The papers presented in the book provide information on key impacts that were observed during programme implementation that include impacts on income, poverty, human capacity, health and environment. The results show that well-targeted investment in Farmer Field Schools can be effective in changing farmer behaviour and can result in a high rate of return. Edited by Peter A.C. Ooi, S. Praneetvatakul, H. Waibel and G. Walter-Echols and published as a Special Issue of the Pesticide Policy Project of the Hannover University, 2005. [1 pdf file, 139 pages, 1.6 Mb]
Environmental Education for Poor Farmers. A documentation of the EU-funded “IPM Programme for Cotton in Asia” design, strategies, objectives, activities, results and impacts. The documentation shows that education through Farmer Field School (FFS) empowers and mobilizes farm families and develops enhanced management skills for sustainable pro-poor and environmentally-friendly agricultural and rural development. Edited by by Peter A.C. Ooi, et. al. and produced by the staff of the FAO-EU IPM Programme for Cotton in Asia, 2004. [1 pdf file, 74 pages, 3.46 Mb]
Appraisal of Methods to Evaluate Farmer Field Schools. Francesca Mancini and Janice Jiggins. 2008. The report of an evaluation of cotton-based conventional and IPM farming systems conducted in India (2002–2004) looking at five impact areas - (1) the ecological footprint and (2) occupational hazard of cotton production; and the effects of IPM adoption on (3) labour allocation; (4) management practices; and (5) livelihoods. The analysis showed that a mix of approaches increased the depth and the relevance of the findings. Participatory and conventional methods were complementary. [1 pdf file, 13 pages, 104.53 Kb]